Rauner also wants to strip some powers from labor unions. Among them is letting local government employees decide if they want to join a union.
Rauner is also calling for a two-year freeze of property taxes and says he's open to raising the minimum wage from $8.25 to $10 over seven years.
The Democratic-controlled Legislature will oppose many of Rauner's proposals.
Rauner says his plan is aggressive, but necessary. He says: "It's now or never for Illinois. It's time to act."