The Oscars ceremony has faced heavy criticism in recent years for its lack of diverse nominees.
Bradley University journalism professor and media critic Dr. Cory Barker said it's tough to gauge how much progress Hollywood is making since it was called out with the #OscarsSoWhite hashtag on social media in 2015.
"I think that was kind of a flashpoint for the industry, and so there was a significant increase in diversity in new members brought into the Academy, but that hasn't necessarily solved the issue," Barker said.
He noted nearly half of all TV episodes were directed by women last year, compared to 20% four years ago. But he said it's also important to consider whose stories get to be told at major awards shows when the biggest audiences are paying attention.
The Oscars air this Sunday at 7 p.m. on ABC.
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