Wild Ones of the Rock River Valley and Natural Land Institute (NLI) have partnered to help people create yards that are environmentally friendly. Zach Grycan is the director of stewardship with the NLI. He spoke to a packed classroom at Rock Valley College in Rockford about establishing natural areas at home, work, school or church. He said the first step is to get inspired:
“Let's say you are two blocks away from a natural area with an established type of habitat. That might inspire you to get more active in establishing species that would be contiguous with those habitats around you.”
Emphasizing that height isn't everything, Grycan also said it is important to factor in neighbors, pedestrians, and motorists when selecting native plants.
“If you care about natural areas and you want to establish something in town, it’s probably best not to obstruct the view of traffic, or have the most aggressive, tall species out in plain view of everyone.”
When planting in front yards, Grycan advocated for planting low growing native prairie plants because they won’t flop onto the sidewalk, are still showy and will attract other native species including bees, butterflies, and ornate box turtles.
The next step in replacing your lawn with native plants is smothering. You can purchase landscape fabric, cut it into a desired shape and place it on your lawn. It will eventually smother the lawn and eliminate competition from non-native species.
“The least amount of competition you can give your natives will give them a better chance to get established.”
Grycan advised not to plant when it’s hot and dry because that would increase the chances of plant mortality. He said a nearby water source like a hose or rain barrel is essential to helping native species survive, especially in the beginning of the process. He said to take care not to plant into incompatible moisture, shade or soil types, and he encouraged people to work with the land they have, no matter the size.
Lisa Johnson is the program coordinator for Wild Ones of the Rock River Valley. She recently downsized to a smaller home and said the size of her land is “a postage stamp.” Still, she has planted asters, shooting star, main hare fern, compass plant, and more.
“I live on a tiny city lot and am working on replacing a what's there with native plants. I’ve already seen a lot of new insect species and new birds.”
Johnson said, “A lawn is basically a green desert. It supports very little life. Even the grass itself has trouble surviving because its roots are so short.” She continued, “But with native plants, there is something blooming throughout the entire growing season. This supports insects, which supports birds, which supports the entire food chain.”
Both Grycan and Johnson said October and November are ideal for planting native shrubs and trees. And if you have the seeds, both recommended seeding into the frost or the snow. Simply scatter seeds on top of the frost or snow. The sun will melt the frost or snow and, in doing so, will send the seeds down into the earth.
Johnson elaborated, "The winter takes care of the natural stratification of those seeds. When the spring comes, the plants come up when they are ready."
Grycan said a reliable website for learning about individual species and getting information on the insects and animals who utilize those native plants is Illinoiswildflowers.info. He also recommended the book Bringing Nature Home by Doug Tallamy.